YEREVAN – Over the past few days, the issue of Catholicos of All
Armenians Garekin II’s resignation was widely being discussed. History
remembers many cases, when some Armenian Catholicoi didn’t enthrone till their
death. Also there were Catholicoi, who resigned or were dismissed. Let’s refer
to some of them.
Husik I Partev (341-347). According to King Tiran’s order, he
was whipped and killed in Bnaberd Fortress of Copk Province.
Bishop Daniel. After the death of Husik I in 347 he was designated as
Catolicos of Armenians by Tiran’s order ((nevertheless) on the official church
list of Catolicoi, Bishop Daniel is not mentioned as a Catholicos).
Sahak I Partev. Over the period from 387 to 436 intermittently he
served as Catholicos of All Armenians. From 428 to 429 he was replaced by
Surmak. The latter wasn’t mentioned in the “Gavazanagirk” of the Armenian Catholicoi
until he was ordained as the bishop of Manazkert. After Sahak Partev refused to
reclaim his throne, Surmak once again took over the leadership of the Mother
See (437-443). From 429 to 432 Brqisho took over the throne of the Catholicos.
But his opulent lifestyle provoked a huge discontent and resulted in his
Kristaphor II Apahouni (628-630). According to Sebeos he was
very proud- spirited, arrogant and had a sharp tongue. He opposed to the
governor, who forced the Catholicos to resign.
Sargis I of Sevan (992-1019). He willingly abandoned the
throne and ordained Petros Getadardz as Catholicos.
Petros I Getadardz (1019-1058). His Byuzantophilia (pro-
Byuzantium policy) irritated King Hovhannes-Smbat. In 1037 the latter deprived
him of his throne and placed him under house arrest at Bjni fortress. In 1039
Petros managed to re-establish himself as a Catholicos.
Jacob (Hakob) II of Anavarzia. He served as the Armenian
Catholicos twice. The first phase was from 1327 to 1341. Due to political circumstances and oppression
he resigned from his throne in 1341. After the death of his successor Mkhitar I
Garneci in 1355, he was re-elected as the Armenian Catholicos — unprecedented
in the history of the Armenian Church.
Hovhannes (John) VII Ajakir (1474-1484).
In 1484 he left for Poland to manage local religious affairs and to collect
donations from the Armenian migrants. And he didn’t return from Poland. After
his departure Sargis III Mjusayl, who was his Coadjutor took the throne.
David IV of Vagharshapat (1590-1629). This
Catholicos had several Catholicoi Coadjutors. Some researchers mention him as
Davit VI. Due to debts, he spent the main part of his rule outside of
Edjmiadzin. He was
deprived of the throne in 1629.