July 2022: 101st anniversary of Gen. Njdeh’s Victorious Defence of Syunik, Armenia Against Soviet Russian, Azerbaijani and Turkish Invasion
Posted on June. 16. 2022
The Armenian Victory’s main architect is General Karekin Njdeh
Although the language is Armenian,
it is still worth watching a few seconds to get a glimpse into the level of
discipline that volunteer citizens of Armenia are exhibiting during such
Mr. Vova Vardanov, the founding
Commander of The Arts of Staying Alive –ASA (“Vokhch Mnaloo Arvesteh-VOMA of
Armenia) has earned a reputation in Armenia for being a proactive in training
the Armenian citizenry to build maximum civilian/military readiness for any
ASA-VOMA of Armenia is civilian
initiative to train and empower Armenians to build Citizen Army to serve as
bulwark of self-defense against potential Turkish, Azerbaijani or any other
invasion of Armenia.
Watch the video: https://fb.watch/dD6IxU2EnL/
Although the language is Armenian, it is still worth watching a few seconds to
get a glimpse into the level of discipline that volunteer citizens of Armenia
are exhibiting during such training.
Mr. Vova Vardanov is of the same
school of military thought and ideology as well as tactics mastered by General
Karekin Njdeh (1 January 1886 – 21 December 1955) who has defeated two armies
at once in fortress-like Syunik, a mountainous region in southern Armenia.
In 1920-21, with an Armenian Citizen Army of around 15,000 General Njdeh and
his highly motivated soldiers inflicted heavy casualties upon the invading
Kemalist Turkish Army of over 100,000 coming from the West (Ankara) and The
Soviet Red Army with over 150,000 forces coming from the East (Baku).
General Njdeh positioned his units in such strategic places around the
Northern, Western and Eastern borders of Syunik and succeeded in bugging down
both armies for over seven months causing great international embarrassment for
Moscow and Ankara.
An Armenian national hero who is known as the “Savior of Syunik,” Gen. Njdeh
refused to surrender Syunik to invading Soviet authorities until he secured an
international agreement according to which Soviet Russia would guarantee the
inclusion of Syunik Region in the upcoming Soviet Socialist Republic of Armenia
(or Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic — Armenian S.S.R.).
The indomitable spirit of General Njdeh and his soldiers averted for Syunik a
fate similar to Artsakh/Nagorno Karabakh and Nakhichevan — of arbitrary
carving and ‘gifting’ to the then newly created Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist
Republic (AzSSR). Soviet despot Josef Stalin had earlier dismembered the
1918-1921 First Republic of Armenia. As northern Armenia and the Armenian
territories of Artsakh and Nakhichevan had already fallen under Soviet
occupation, Soviet Armenia was arbitrarily dismembered.
Under Stain, Artsakh and Nakhichevan were carved out and ‘gifted’ to
Azerbaijan. General Njdeh categorically refused to let Syunik Region (southern
Armenia connecting to Iran) to face a similar fate. In defiance of Soviet
occupiers of northern Armenia, General Njdeh declared the creation of Republic
of Mountainous Armenia encompassing Syunik (Zankezur) and parts of Artsakh. The
city of Goris became the capital of the unrecognized state, and Karekin Njdeh
was chosen as prime minister and minister of defense. Later, in July, Simon
Vratsian took the office as prime minister while Njdeh became the governor and
the general commander.
In an August 2021 article on eurasianet.org, titled “Perspectives |
Augmented Azerbaijan? The return of Azerbaijani irredentism” Laurence Broers, the Caucasus
program director at Conciliation Resources wrote: “In January 1919 Britain, at
that time holding a mandate over Azerbaijan, approved Azerbaijani jurisdiction
over (Syunik-ed) Zangezur. But embedded Armenian resistance outlasted both
Azerbaijani military pressure until Azerbaijan’s sovietization in April 1920,
and then a Bolshevik military campaign later that year.”
Although Mr. Broers claims that “Armenian rebels in Syunik/Zangezur
were finally pacified by the Bolsheviks in June-July 1921, and the region was
allocated to Soviet Armenia” the facts remain that successful and protracted
Armenian resistance forced the Soviet Kremlin to reconcile with the indigenous
Armenians to keep the Syunik/Zangezur as part of newly declared Soviet Armenia.
To Mr. Broers’s credit, he finally acknowledges the region’s real name
as “Syunik” stating that “’Zangezur’ disappeared from the map, lingering on as
an informal placename … Syunik, the Armenian name for southern Armenia, is a
far older term dating back to antiquity.”
Between April and July 1921, the Red Army conducted massive military operations
in the region, attacking Syunik from the north and east. But to no avail. After
months of fierce battles with the Red Army, the Republic of Mountainous Armenia
forced the Soviet Kremlin in July 1921 to promise in a written and binding
agreement “to keep the mountainous region of Syunik as a part of Soviet
Armenia. After the agreement was signed in Switzerland, Gen. Njdeh, his
soldiers, and many prominent Armenian intellectuals, including leaders of the
First Republic of Armenia, crossed the Armenia-Iran border into the neighboring
city of Tabriz, Iran.
To support organizations like
ASA-VOMA of Armenia (“Vokhch Mnaloo Arvesteh” VOMA-The Arts of Staying Alive
–ASA) is to venerate the undying legacy of General Karekin Njdeh.